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the science

All of our work is evidence-based and has solid studies behind it and we do our best to keep up with new studies on the science of breathing. 

This section presents a carefully curated selection books, articles and studies that we find inspiration in and which we base our own methodology on.

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Breath - The New Science of a Lost Art
James Nestor (2020, Penguin Books)

A must-read if you want to dive deeper into breathing. Very well-researched book that gives an overview of the history of breathing.

Drawing on thousands of years of medical texts and recent cutting-edge studies in pulmonology, psychology, biochemistry, and human physiology, Breath turns the conventional wisdom of what we thought we knew about our most basic biological function on its head.


The Oxygen Advantage
by Patrick McKeown (2015, Piatkus) 

A highly recommended book for those interested in how breathing applies to sports and movement in general. Very solid scientific background from one of the world's leading experts in breathing. 
McKeown introduces readers to the "Oxygen Advantage," an innovative but complex breathing technique that purportedly improves overall health... McKeown's confident attitude should help his book appeal to a wide audience.
-Publishers Weekly

oxygen adv.jpg


The list below includes research that support our method with scientific background and studies. It's important to keep in mind that science is always in development and that no study holds the final truth. With that in mind, we try to only include well-documented science and to always be critical with the studies we base our work on.

 This document includes references to many of the relevant studies I’ve found for breathing. With research, it's important to know that *lots* of published studies are overturned and found to be lacking or even wrong. Science is a work-in-progress forever - as is this document. 

The Effect of Diaphragmatic Breathing on Attention, Negative Affect and Stress in Healthy Adults

The Neurological Link Between Mind and Breath:
Breathing above the brain stem: volitional control and attentional modulation in humans

The Vagus Nerve & Diaphragmatic breathing

Nitric oxide and the paranasal sinuses

Buteyko Breathing & Asthma

Meditation & Longevity

Humming sound and nitric oxide

6 Breaths per minute (Resonant / Coherent Breath) & HRV

The Bohr Effect


Yoga Breathing / Respiratory Health & Capacity


Slow Breathing for Anxiety

The Nasal Cycle

Right vs Left nostril


Synchronized Breathing for running

Breathing to Decrease pain (Breath holding)


The potential of nitric oxide releasing therapies (...)


This is a list of the most interesting and enlightening articles we've come across. None of them contain outlandish claims or parabole about what breathing can do to cure diseases or in other ways be a miracle cure. The articles are meant to give you more inspiration and input for learning more about the topics you find most interesting. Enjoy!

The Ultimate Guide to Heart Rate Variability (HRV)
Part 1 - Measurement setup, best practices, and metrics.

Cleveland Clinic: Heart Rate Variability (HRV)


Proper Breathing Brings Better Health

Stress reduction, insomnia prevention, emotion control, improved attention—certain breathing techniques can make life better. But where do you start?

What Is “Email Apnea” and How It Is Slowly Killing Us

What Is Languishing, and What Can We Do About It?

American Lung Association: 
Five Ways You Might Be Breathing Wrong

The Air You Breahte Is Full of Surprises. A fun thought... each day you're breathing in the last exhale of Julius Caesar

Twenty-five sextillion molecules: Simon Worrall, “The Air You Breathe Is Full of Surprises,” National Geographic, Aug.13, 2012.

Respiratory Rhythm, Autonomic Modulation, and the Spectrum of Emotions: The Future of Emotion Recognition and Modulation

A really thorough and deep article about how breathing and emotions are connected. "... could greatly improve public mental health by providing at-home biofeedback for greater understanding of one’s mental state and for mind–body affective treatments such as breathing exercises."

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